Tubal pregnancy is also known as the ectopic pregnancy. In tubal pregnancy the fertilized egg instead of getting implanted in the wall of the uterus gets implanted in the fallopian tube. Rarely the egg gets implanted in the ovary or cervix but tubal implantation is the most common type of ectopic pregnancy. The frequency of tubal pregnancy is 1 in every 50 pregnancies.
Causes of Tubal Pregnancy
There are many factors that can cause ectopic pregnancy; a damaged fallopian tube is one of the causes because it would not let the egg travel through it to get to the uterus. Sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea or Chlamydia can also cause tubal pregnancy; intrauterine contraceptive devices can also be one of the causes of ectopic pregnancy. Previous tubal pregnancy can also increase the chance of having similar pregnancy.
The tubal pregnancy symptoms are nausea and vomiting, slight bleeding from the vagina, pain in the lower abdomen, sharp cramps, sometimes pain in shoulder, neck or rectum, and dizziness. If the fallopian tube ruptured than it will cause severe blood loss and loss of consciousness.
If someone has confirmed pregnancy and then experiences tubal pregnancy symptoms then the best action would be to rush to the hospital emergency room because this is a fatal condition and can cause severe hemorrhage and loss of fertility. The diagnosis is based on pregnancy test, pelvic examination and an ultrasound scan. If there is tubal pregnancy then the doctor will decide upon the treatment.
If ruptured fallopian tube is suspected and diagnosed than emergency surgery is performed to stop bleeding and sometimes the damaged tube and ovary of the affected side has to be removed. If the tubal pregnancy symptoms are noticed earlier then the embryo can be removed through laparoscopic surgery and damaged tube can be repaired.